Nobilities in Europe in the twentieth century : reconversion strategies, memory culture and elite formation
Title: Nobilities in Europe in the twentieth century : reconversion strategies, memory culture and elite formation
Citation: Leuven : Peeters, 2015, Groningen studies in cultural change ; V. 50
In this volume on the comparative study of nobility, historians, sociologists and anthropologists focus on the different processes of transformation that aristocratic elites in Europe went through during the twentieth century. Readers will learn about nobles in northern Europe (Sweden and Finland), southern Europe (Italy), western Europe (France, Belgium, the Netherlands) and central Europe (Germany, Austria, Poland and Hungary). However, because of the comparative structure of the volume, readers will also sometimes encounter the nobility in Britain, Russia and the Baltic areas. The authors discuss questions like: how did noble men and women cope with the rise of totalitarian regimes and with the dramatic periods of the Second World War and the Cold War? What was the impact of the Fall of the Berlin Wall? And how did nobles react to the loss of political and economic privileges? In spite of all the variety and heterogeneity in wealth, power, prestige, and public visibility of these nobilities, some remarkable general trends and patterns emerge from the articles. The fourteen contributions show how and why relatively many nobles succeeded in staying on top or in transforming political and economic capital into cultural and symbolic capital.
Table of Contents:
-- Preface and Acknowledgements vii -- Towards a Comparative History of Nobility in Twentieth-Century Europe. An Introduction, Yme Kuiper 1 -- Distinctive Student Peregrinations Abroad. The Social Conversion of the Nobility in Modern Hungary, Viktor Karady 27 -- Titled Outsiders. Jewish Nobility in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries, Huibert Schijf 53 -- The Transformation of the Swedish Aristocracy, Göran Norrby 73 -- The Revival of Dutch Nobility around 1900, Nikolaj Bijleveld 97 -- Memory, Residence and Profession. Aspects of the Process of Reconversion of a Dutch Noble Family in the Twentieth Century, Yme Kuiper 117 -- The Noble Heritage in Finland. Manor Houses and The House of Nobility as Symbols of Aristocratic Self-Representation, Anna-Maria Åström 149 -- Communities of Memory and Attitude. The Self-Perception of the East Elbian Nobility in West Germany, 1945/49-c.1975, Michael Seelig 169 -- The Persistence of the Aristocratic Model. Strategies of Adaptation of the Parisian Beau Monde, 1900-1939, Alice Bravard 187 -- Between Consent and Resistance. The Italian Nobility and the Fascist Regime, Maria Malatesta 205 -- Noble Memories in a ‘Denobled’ Society. The Albertines’ Return to Saxony in 1989, Silke Marburg 229 -- The Illusion of Rupture. Polish Nobility in the Socialist State, Longina Jakubowska 241 -- The Cultural Identity of the Belgian Nobility around 2000. Linguistic Capital and Migration as Aspects of Reconversion, Paul Janssens 261 -- Nobles among the Austrian Economic Elite in the Early Twenty-First Century, Philipp Korom and Jaap Dronkers 281 -- Reconversions and Downward Social Mobility among Nobilities in the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries, Monique de Saint Martin 305 -- Bibliography 323 -- Index 343 -- Contributors 357