Social movements within organisations : occupy parties in Italy and Turkey
Title: Social movements within organisations : occupy parties in Italy and Turkey
Citation: South European society and politics, 2016, OnlineFirst
ISSN: 1360-8746; 1743-9612
This paper analyses a little-studied phenomenon: movements within parties. While parties and movements are often assumed to be separate entities, the borders between the two have proved to be more fluent. Parties frequently play a pivotal role in movement politics, and movements influence parties through the dual militancy of many of their members. The article presents two cases of Occupy movements taking place within major left-of-centre parties - the Italian PD and the Turkish CHP - and analyses the causes of discontent within the party and the choice of activists to voice this discontent rather than exit the party. It is argued that, beyond country specificities, shared factors include the perceived betrayal of social-democratic values, a lack of internal democracy, and electoral defeats. In both cases, activists’ choice to refer to Occupy in their opposition inside the party can be explained by the normative resonance of anti-austerity protest claims and forms within the party, as well as the instrumental exploitation of mass media attention to Occupy as a logo.
Subject: Party-movement interactions; Neoliberal junctures; Italian politics; Turkish politics; Occupy parties
Published online 23 June 2016
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