Clientelism and economic policy : Greece and the crisis
Title: Clientelism and economic policy : Greece and the crisis
Author: TRANTIDIS, Aris
Citation: London; New York : Routledge, 2016, Routledge advances in European politics
ISBN: 9781138101401; 9781315656953
With its deep economic crisis and dramatic political developments Greece has puzzled Europe and the world. What explains its long-standing problems and its incapacity to reform its economy? Using an analytic narrative and a comparative approach, the book studies the pattern of economic reforms in Greece between 1985 and 2015. It finds that clientelism - the allocation of selective benefits by political actors (patrons) to their supporters (clients) - created a strong policy bias that prevented the country from implementing deep-cutting reforms. The book shows that the clientelist system differs from the general image of interest-group politics and that the typical view of clientelism, as individual exchange between patrons and clients, has not fully captured the wide range and implications of this phenomenon. From this, the author develops a theory on clientelism and policy-making, addressing key questions on the politics of economic reform, government autonomy and party politics.
Table of Contents:
-- 1. Introduction: clientelism and economic reforms : the case of Greece -- 2. The Greek political economy in historical perspective -- 3. Clientelism as a policy equilibrium -- 4. Muddling through reform: crisis and policy response between 1985 and 1989 -- 5. Departure from the clientelist equilibrium: the economic agenda of the Mitsotakis government (1990-1993) -- 6. Clientelist bias in macroeconomic stabilization: fiscal and monetary policy under PASOK (1993-2000) -- 7. Clientelist bias in structural reforms: the case of PASOK (1993-2004) -- 8. Within-party dynamics in clientelist politics: PASOK under Simitis -- 9. Beyond clientelist bias: the impact of economic restructuring on the nature of distributional politics -- 10. The slippery slope to the Greek crisis (2004-2009) -- 11. The Greek crisis (2009-2015) -- 12. Conclusion: a new insight into the clientelist system.