The import of 'cultural goods' and emigration : an unexplored relation
Title: The import of 'cultural goods' and emigration : an unexplored relation
Series/Number: EUI RSCAS; 2017/24; Migration Policy Centre
The paper examines the effect of the import of cultural goods as defined by UNESCO (2009): cultural heritage, performance, visual arts, books, audio-visual material and design on emigration decisions. The import of cultural goods, by affecting individual preferences, reduces the cost of any migration move and favors outflows towards exporting countries. A gravity model for 33 OECD destination countries and 184 sending ones has been estimated for the period 2009-2013. The issue of identification and endogeneity has been addressed through the inclusion of a comprehensive set of fixed effects and by instrumenting cultural imports with past flows and an imputed share of cultural imports à la Card (2001). The positive relationship is robust across different classifications for cultural goods, areas of destination and alternative econometric techniques.
Subject: Migration; Trade in cultural goods; Gravity model; F16; F22; Z10
Type of Access: openAccess