Populism : concepts and conditions for its rise in Europe
Title: Populism : concepts and conditions for its rise in Europe
Author: KRIESI, Hanspeter
Citation: Comunicazione politica, 2015, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 175-194
ISSN: 1594-6061; 1972-5094
At a time when leading European politicians warn against «populist excesses » (the French President François Hollande), against the «winds of populism» currently threatening Europe (EU-President Herman van Rompuy) or appeal to the electorates to avoid «a return to populism» (the technocratic Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti), the discussion of populism has become a hot topic in social sciences. In the present paper I would like to discuss the concept of populism, and some of the possible conditions for its recent rise in Europe. I introduce two versions of the concept, which are, as I see it, related to each other, but which are not necessarily shared by different authors and which belong to different traditions in the literature. My discussion of the conditions for the rise of populism distinguishes between its immediate causes and two sets of facilitating conditions – each of them closely related to one of the two version of the concept. My argument builds on and refines some of my recent contributions to the same topic (see Kriesi and Pappas, 2015b; Kriesi, 2014).
Published in August 2015
Grant number: FP7/338875/EU
Type of Access: openAccess
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