War veterans and Fascism during the Franco dictatorship in Spain
Title: War veterans and Fascism during the Franco dictatorship in Spain
Author: ALCALDE, Ángel
Citation: European history quarterly, 2017, Vol. 47, No. 1, pp. 78-98
ISSN: 1461-7110; 0265-6914
This article argues that analysis and contextualization of the history of the Francoist veterans of the Spanish Civil War (1936–39) leads to an understanding of Franco’s dictatorship as a fascist regime typical of the late 1930s and early 1940s. It reveals the congruence of the regime with the phenomenon of neo-fascism during the Cold War era. Drawing on a large range of archival and published sources, this article examines the history of the main Francoist veterans’ organization, the Delegacion Nacional de Excombatientes (DNE) of the Falange Espanola Tradicionalista y de las JONS (FET-JONS), between 1939 and 1959. The evolution of the Francoist veterans’ organizational structures and political discourses can be understood as part of a process of fascistization and defascistization, which provides rare insights into the overall relationship between fascism and war.
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