Access to citizenship and the role of origin countries
Title: Access to citizenship and the role of origin countries
Citation: Agnieszka WEINAR, Anne UNTERREINER and Philippe FARGUES (eds), Migrant integration between homeland and host society. Volume 1, Where does the country of origin fit?, Cham : Springer, 2017. Global migration issues ; 7, pp. 201-224
Series/Number: [Migration Policy Centre]
For foreign-born residents and their children, attaining citizenship in the host country confers membership, rights and participation opportunities, and encourages a sense of belonging (Bloemraad 2006). From a destination country perspective, naturalisation is increasingly seen as an important part of the process of integrating immigrants. In order to optimise the use of what is sometimes termed the 'citizenship premium', actors in destination countries often advocate public policies that are aimed at increasing naturalisation rates among immigrants (OECD 2011; Sumption and Flamm 2012). The acquisition of citizenship is associated with better employment probability, higher earnings and higher occupational positions (Liebig and Von Haaren 2011). Politically, in a democratic context, citizenship normally qualifies immigrants to take an active part in the electoral politics of the destination country (Pikkov 2011; De Rooij 2012).
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