Intergenerational social mobility in Spain between 1956 and 2011 : the role of educational expansion and economic modernisation in a late industrialised country
Title: Intergenerational social mobility in Spain between 1956 and 2011 : the role of educational expansion and economic modernisation in a late industrialised country
Citation: Research in social stratification and mobility, 2017, Vol. 51, pp.14-27
This article explores intergenerational class mobility patterns and the role played by education in Spain using counterfactuals. Both men and women born from 1926 to 1981 are analysed, meaning the study covers a period of profound economic and educational advances in a late-industrialised country. The results suggest that, among the cohorts born in the 1970s, men have experienced a slight increase in social fluidity, while women have experienced a substantial increase that seems partially driven by their massively increased access to routine non-manual positions independent of their social origins. Inequality of educational opportunities and class returns to education have declined, whereas the direct effect of social origins (DESO) has remained constant for men and has decreased considerably for women. The counterfactual analysis shows that the slight increase in social fluidity for men is mainly driven by educational expansion. For women, the DESO and educational expansion account for a great share of increasing fluidity. Therefore, certain assumptions made by the Modernization Theory and Goldthorpe’s Theory of Social Mobility can be put into question. Sponsor information: This article was elaborated on in the context of the International Network for Comparative Analysis of Social Inequalities (INCASI), a European project that has received funding from the European Union Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie GA No. 691004 and coordinated by Dr. Pedro López-Roldán. This article reflects only the authors’ views, and the Agency is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.