Women and private military and security companies
Title: Women and private military and security companies
Author: VRDOLJAK, Ana Filipa
Citation: Francesco FRANCIONI and Natalino RONZITTI (eds), War by contract : human rights, humanitarian law and private contractors, Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2011, pp. 280-298
ISBN: 9780199604555; 9780191725180
Lack of clarity about the application of international law norms and inadequacies of existing regulatory regimes covering private military and security companies (PMSCs) have reinforced concerns about transparency and accountability in respect of gender-related violence, harassment, and discrimination. This chapter focuses on the main issues and legal concerns raised by the impact of the privatisation of war on women, both as PMSC employees and civilians. Part I highlights how armed conflict, civil unrest, occupation, and transition have a detrimental effect upon the lives of women with particular reference to safety, displacement, and health and economic disadvantage. Part II provides a summary of existing international humanitarian law and human rights provisions relating to women. Part III examines recent developments within the United Nations, the work of the ICRC, and international criminal law jurisprudence shaping these legal norms. Part IV considers the key recommendations of recent international and international initiatives covering PMSCs and women.
Initial version: http://hdl.handle.net/1814/12958
Version: Published version of EUI AEL WP 2009/22
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