A regionalisation or long-distance trade? : transformations and shifts in the role of Tana in the Black Sea trade in the first half of the fifteenth Century
Title: A regionalisation or long-distance trade? : transformations and shifts in the role of Tana in the Black Sea trade in the first half of the fifteenth Century
Author: KHVALKOV, Evgeny
Citation: European review of history ; Revue européenne d'histoire, 2016, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 508–525
ISSN: 1350-7486; 1469-8293
The Italian trading stations in Tana were important in the long-distance trade system of the Italian maritime republics Venice and Genoa. The deeds of two Venetian notaries who worked there during the 1430s, Nicolo de Varsis and Benedetto de Smeritis, are an important source for tracing the transformation of the issues and directions of Italian trade in the Black Sea region, a trade which was recovering from the crisis of the fourteenth century. Notwithstanding the Venetian-Genoese struggle and previous crisis events, this recovery made the economic conditions favourable. Although some scholars see a regionalisation of trade in fifteenth century, the source evidence challenges this interpretation. Westerners began to import Italian, Flemish and English textiles to the Eastern markets, and the local goods (fish, caviar) were widely exported to Europe – even to the markets of Flanders. Finally, the slave trade was intensive. My main argument here is that though there were considerable transformations in the Italian trade, there was no real regionalisation of trade, which retained its long-distance character.
Published online: 14 Mar 2016
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