The transformation of EU external economic governance : law, practice, and institutional change in common commercial policy after Lisbon
Title: The transformation of EU external economic governance : law, practice, and institutional change in common commercial policy after Lisbon
Author: KLEIMANN, David
Citation: Florence : European University Institute, 2017
Series/Number: EUI PhD theses; Department of Law
The Laeken Council Declaration of 2001 committed the European Community to a constitutional reform that aimed at enhancing the legitimacy of EU governance through “more democracy, transparency, and efficiency”. In the area of Common Commercial Policy (CCP), the coming into force of the Treaty of Lisbon on December 1, 2009, responded to the Laeken Declaration with the most extensive reform in history and substantially amended applicable provisions on decisionmaking, scope of EU exclusive competence, objectives, and principles. Against the benchmark set out by the Laeken Council objectives, this study examines the law, practice, and quality of institutional change in CCP governance after Lisbon. To this end, the study advances a twofold comparative institutional analysis that is based on a transaction-cost approach to the understanding of legal, political, and informal institutions that govern the CCP and EU external economic relations more broadly. The study finds that the reallocation of horizontal competences among EU institutions through the empowerment of the European Parliament has generally decreased the process efficiency of the CCP. At the same time, it has markedly decreased the cost of political participation for public and private stakeholders and introduced increasingly effective democratic control to the now bicameral system that governs the CCP in the Lisbon era. Parliamentary involvement, moreover, has radically enhanced process and substantive transparency and opened a space for public deliberation of external economic policy. Opinion 2/15 of the Court of Justice of the European Union has, secondly, confirmed the Treaty-induced tectonic shifts in the allocation of vertical competences. It is argued that the Court’s Opinion sets incentives for a fundamental change of the institutional practice that governs the conclusion of EU external economic agreements. Ending the tradition of ‘mixed’ agreements in favor of ‘EUonly’ treaty conclusion would further approximate the achievement of all three Laeken Council objectives and render EU external economic governance more efficient, effective, representative, and legitimate. In order to fully employ the democratic potential of ‘EU-only’ CCP governance, however, such practice will require the reinforcement of national parliamentary engagement in that process.
LC Subject Heading: Commercial law -- European Union countries; European Union countries -- Foreign relations -- Law and legislation; European Union countries -- Economic policy
Defence date: 13 December 2017; Examining Board: Professor Marise Cremona, European University Institute; Professor Petros Mavroidis, Columbia University; Professor Marco Bronckers, Leiden University; Professor Pieter-Jan Kuijper, University of Amsterdam
Type of Access: embargoedAccess
Preceding version: http://hdl.handle.net/1814/27661; http://hdl.handle.net/1814/49464; http://hdl.handle.net/1814/49465; http://hdl.handle.net/1814/46104; http://hdl.handle.net/1814/43948; http://hdl.handle.net/1814/42546
Version: The following chapters of this PhD thesis draws upon an earlier published versions: -- Chapter III 'EU External Economic Integration : Core Concepts, Multi-Level Games, and the 'Global Europe' Strategy' as an e-book 'EU preferential trade agreements : commerce, foreign policy and development aspects', Florence : European University Institute, 2013 -- Chapter IV 'The Lisbon Treaty reform of EU common commercial policy : law, practice, and political institutions' as an article 'Taking stock : EU common commercial policy in the Lisbon era' (2011) in the journal 'Aussenwirtschaft' and as a CEPS Working Document, 2011/345 -- Chapter V 'Opinion 2/15 : litigating institutional change in post-Lisbon external economic governance' as an EUI RSCAS WP 2017/23 'Reading opinion 2/15 : standards of analysis, the Court's discretion, and the legal view of the Advocate General' -- Chapter VI 'The 'Wallonian saga' and Opinion 2/15 : the case for 'EU-only' external economic agreements' as an EUI RSCAS WP 2016/58 'The signing, provisional application, and conclusion of trade and investment agreements in the EU : the case of CETA and Opinion 2/15' -- The Epilogue 'After 'the end of history' : reforming EU trade defence in the shadow of WTO law' as an EUI RSCAS WP 2016/37 'The vulnerability of EU anti-dumping measures against China after December 11, 2016'