Democratic inclusion : Rainer Bauböck in dialogue
Title: Democratic inclusion : Rainer Bauböck in dialogue
Author: BAUBÖCK, Rainer
Citation: Manchester : Manchester University Press, 2017, Critical powers
ISBN: 9781526105233; 1526105233
Who has a claim to be included in a democratic polity? In his lead essay, Rainer Bauböck suggests that this question needs to be broken down into three: Whose interests should be represented in democratic decisions? Whose rights ought to be protected by democratic govern¬ments? Who has a claim to citizenship and voting rights? Against current normative theories of democracy, Bauböck argues that these three questions call for different responses. Democratic legitimacy requires taking into account the interests negatively affected by a decision, the provision of equal rights and contestation options for all subjected to the law, and citizenship status for all those with genuine ties to a particular democratic polity. He suggests that these three principles of democratic inclusion cannot be subsumed under a single one and complement each other, although there are also tensions that animate democratic politics. The essay elaborates also initial background assumptions: Democracy is normatively necessary and empirically possible only where there is a plurality of internally diverse and externally bounded polities. The contemporary architecture of democratic institutions and citizenship builds also on the assumption that political jurisdiction is primarily territorial and that societies are relatively sedentary. In these contexts, citizenship in states is acquired by birth, local citizenship by residence, and regional citizenship below and above the state is derived from national citizenship. These ideas are challenged and further developed in six responses by leading political and legal theorists Joseph Carens, David Miller, Iseult Honohan, Will Kymlicka and Sue Donaldson, David Owen and Peter J. Spiro. In the concluding chapter, Bauböck offers an extensive response to his critics.
Table of Contents:
-- Part I: Lead essay -- 1. Democratic inclusion: a pluralistic theory of democratic inclusion by Rainer Bauböck -- Part II: Responses -- 2. Response by Joseph H. Carens -- 3. Response by David Miller -- 4. Response by Iseult Honohan -- 5. Response by Will Kymlicka and Sue Donaldson -- 6. Response by David Owen -- 7. Response by Peter J. Spiro -- Part III: Reply -- 8. Reply to my critics by Rainer Bauböck -- Index