Serbia and Montenegro : from centralization to secession and multi-ethnic regionalism
Title: Serbia and Montenegro : from centralization to secession and multi-ethnic regionalism
Citation: Adrian SHAKEL (ed.), Regional and national elections in Eastern Europe : territoriality of the vote in ten countries, London : Palgrave, 2017, pp. 207-238
Series/Number: [Global Governance Programme]; [GLOBALCIT]
This chapter studies regional elections in Serbia and Montenegro between 1998 and 2014. This requires accounting for shifting boundaries and changes in the hierarchy between territorial units of self-government. We first analyze the process of extreme regionalization in Montenegro, which lead to its independence in 2006. The chapter then assesses developments in Montenegro and Serbia separately. We show that ‘ethnicization’ of the Serbian vote during and after secession did not enable persistent regionalist mobilization in the unitary Montenegrin state. Analyzing territoriality of the vote in Serbia between 2000 and 2014 shows that the national party system dominates elections in the country’s autonomous province of Vojvodina. This finding stands in contrast to evidence we find in favor of voters’ strong regional identification with this multi-ethnic, historical province.
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