International migration and education : a web of mutual causation
Title: International migration and education : a web of mutual causation
Author: FARGUES, Philippe
Series/Number: UNESCO; Global Education Monitoring Report; 2017; ED/GEMR/MRT/2019/T1/1
External link: https://es.unesco.org/gem-report/sites/gem-report/files/Fargues_International%20Migration%20and%20Education.pdf
After reviewing the various definitions of international migration and refugee situations, the paper proposes a general framework in which to capture the complex two-way relationship between education and migration, and its consequences on both migrants and non-migrants in each of the origin and destination countries. It successively reviews: the over-education of migrants compared to non-migrants and the selection processes at play in origin and destination countries; the debate surrounding highly-educated migration from developing to developed countries and the inconclusive evidence regarding losses and gains for countries and individuals; the different ways in which migration impacts the education of non-migrant children in the origin countries through financial, but also ideational remittances; the school performances of migrant children and the various consequences of diversity in the classrooms for children of both migrant and local origin; the challenge of educating refugee children and avoiding that a whole generation be lost. The paper concludes on the many grey areas in our understanding of a crucial connexion and suggests practical steps to improve knowledge.
Paper commissioned for the Global Education Monitoring Report 2019 Consultation on Migration
Type of Access: openAccess
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