The democracy makers : foreign policy activists, political scientists and the construction of an International market for political virtue
Title: The democracy makers : foreign policy activists, political scientists and the construction of an International market for political virtue
Author: GUILHOT, Nicolas
Citation: Florence, European University Institute, 2001
Series/Number: EUI PhD theses; Department of Political and Social Sciences
Has the international movement for democracy and human rights gone from being a weapon against power to part of the arsenal of power itself? Nicolas Guilhot explores this question in his penetrating look at how the U.S. government, the World Bank, political scientists, NG0s, think tanks, and various international organizations have appropriated the movement for democracy and human rights to export neoliberal policies throughout the world. His work charts the various symbolic, ideological, and political meanings that have developed around human rights and democracy movements. Guilhot suggests that these shifting meanings reflect the transformation of a progressive, emancipator), movement into an industry dominated by "experts" ensconced in positions of power. Guilhot's story begins in the 1950s when U.S. foreign policy experts promoted human rights and democracy as part of a "democratic international" to fight the spread of communism. Later, the unlikely convergence of anti-Stalinist leftists and the nascent neoconservative movement found a place in the Reagan administration. These "State Department Socialists," as they were known, created policies and organizations that provided financial and technical expertise to democratic movements and also supported authoritarian, anti-communist regimes, particularly in Latin America.
LC Subject Heading: Human rights; Democracy; Globalization; Anti-globalization movement
Defence date: 9 November 2001; Examining board: Prof. Yves Dezalay, CNRS - Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, Paris ; Prof. Saskia Sassen, University of Chicago ; Prof. Philippe C. Schmitter, EUI (supervisor) ; Prof. Peter Wagner, EUI
Published version: http://hdl.handle.net/1814/22379
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