Nation, anti-Enlightenment and religious revival in Austria : Tyrol in the 1790s
Title: Nation, anti-Enlightenment and religious revival in Austria : Tyrol in the 1790s
Author: COLE, Laurence
Citation: The historical journal, 2000, Vol. 43, No. 2, pp. 475-497
ISSN: 0018-246X; 1469-5103
By taking the Austrian province of Tyrol as a case-study, the article explores the relationship between Enlightenment, anti-Enlightenment, and national sentiments in and around the I790s. Characterized by economic crisis andpolitical turbulence, thisperiod hadprofound consequences for the formation of national and regional identities amongst the region's German-speaking majority. In reaction to the challenges posed first by the centralist reforms in the Habsburg monarchy, and secondly the experience of the French Revolutionary Wars, the local nobility and clergy articulated a greater Tyrolian provincial consciousness, and also a stronger sense of their German identity. The mobilizing experience created by Tyrol's fight against the invading French armies meant that these sentiments were disseminated among and articulated by broader sections of the German- Tyrolian population as well. The article assesses the meanings and nuances of regional consciousness, local patriotism, German identity, and dynastic loyalty, and argues that nationalfeeling in Tyrol was strongly influenced by anti-Enlightenment political and social forces.
First published online: 01 June 2000
Files in this item
There are no files associated with this item.