I dannati del Sud : braccianti siciliani ed andalusi dal 1946 ad oggi
Title: I dannati del Sud : braccianti siciliani ed andalusi dal 1946 ad oggi
Author: SCIACCHITANO, Grazia
Citation: Florence : European University Institute, 2018
Series/Number: EUI PhD theses; Department of History and Civilization
My Ph.D. dissertation shows the centrality of landless labourers in the shaping of Italian and Spanish history of the 1950s and 1960s. In both Italy and Spain before the beginning of the reform period of the 1950s, high rates of unemployment and low incomes for the majority of small peasants and rural labourers coexisted alongside large areas of uncultivated land in the hands of a few owners. I argue that aiming to solve these problems both governments implemented a southern model of rural change. This model entailed diminishing the workforce of the countryside together with the industrialization of the rural system, to create a model of efficient and productive agriculture. In this context, the rural labourers become protagonists of change. They claimed the right to work, demanding the full use of the uncultivated land in order to increase occupation, and labour rights in line with those of industrial workers. For them it was not a question of land ownership but of labour rights. While the labourers pushed for a regulation of their working conditions, plans implemented by both governments led to a general decrease of the rural population but, at the same time, a steady percentage increase of rural labourers in the southern regions. Indeed, rural labourers replaced peasants, and a new model of rural economy was set up, that of farming business based on labourers.
Defence date: 18 settembre 2018; Examining Board: Prof.ssa Lucy Riall, European University Institute (Relatore EUI); Prof.ssa Regina Grafe, European University Institute; Prof.ssa Marta Petrusewicz, Università della Calabria; Prof. Marcial Sánchez Mosquera, Università di Siviglia
Type of Access: embargoedAccess
Preceding version: http://hdl.handle.net/1814/51368
Version: Chapters III 'Piani di stato e la risposta delle sinistre' and V '“El caballo por el land rover”: gli effetti delle riforme sul territorio' draw upon an earlier version published as an article 'Rural development and changing labour relations in Italy and Spain in the 1950s and 1960s' (2017) in the journal 'Comparativ'