Europeanization revisited : central and eastern Europe in the European Union
Title: Europeanization revisited : central and eastern Europe in the European Union
Citation: Florence : European University Institute, 2018
In 2004 and 2007, the European Union (EU) completed its Eastern enlargement, the largest intake of new member states in its history. EU accession also constituted a watershed in the history of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). In the course of enlargement, these countries have undergone pervasive “Europeanization” – a process of EU-driven change of their political and economic systems. Contributions to this special issue focus on the major questions for this collection: How has the Europeanization of CEE changed after accession, and how has it played out in the politics and the economies of the region? In this introductory paper, we provide a conceptual and theoretical framework for these contributions and give an overview of their findings. The conceptual and theoretical section introduces the concept of Europeanization and reflects on the changing nature of Europeanization after Eastern enlargement. We argue that the conceptual conflation of Europeanization as process and outcome, which was defensible in the CEE accession period, needs to be reconsidered. After the 2005 enlargement, domestic factors and alternative international influences have gained in importance vis-à-vis EU-driven policy change. Consequently, gaps between Europeanization as policy diffusion and Europeanization as actual policy convergence are likely to increase and need to be theorized. Moreover, the theorization of mechanisms of Europeanization needs to be moved beyond the original focus on conditionality – and top-down, direct mechanisms more generally. After the accession period, and in the areas of political and economic Europeanization, indirect, horizontal and bottom-up mechanisms of Europeanization have gained in relevance.
Table of Contents:
-- Biographies 1; -- Acknowledgments 4; -- Foreword 5; -- Europeanization Revisited: An Introduction , Tomasz P. Wozniakowski, Frank Schimmelfennig and Michal Matlak 6; -- The Europeanization of Eastern Europe: the External Incentives Model Revisited, Frank Schimmelfennig and Ulrich Sedelmeier 19; -- New Ways of Influence: ‘Horizontal’ Europeanization in Southeast Europe, Graeme Crouch 38; -- Europeanization in New Member States: Effects on Domestic Political Structures, Flavia Jurje 55; -- Against Overemphasizing Enforcement in the Current Crisis EU Law and the Rule of Law in the (New) Member States, Dimitry Kochenov and Petra Bárd 72; -- From static to dynamic Europeanization: The case of Central and Eastern European developmental strategies, Dorothee Bohle and Wade Jacoby 90; -- Implementing EU cohesion policy in the Eastern member states: quality of government balancing between equity and efficiency, Gergo Medve-Bálint 108; -- Europeanizing development: EU integration and developmental state capacities in Eastern Europe, Visnja Vukov 127; -- Europeanization and Euro Adoption, Amy Verdun 143;
In memoriam Nicky Owtram
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