Arbitrariness of Social and Natural Differences: Luck, Lottery, and Equality

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Show simple item record SADURSKI, Wojciech 2007-05-12T15:30:34Z 2007-05-12T15:30:34Z 2007
dc.identifier.issn 1725-6739
dc.description.abstract It is sometimes argued that social and natural inequalities which are both arbitrary from a moral point of view should nevertheless have a different moral status in a theory of justice: while inequalities of a social type should be rightfully neutralized, the effects of natural inequalities should be respected, because they are a component of individual identity, in a way that social inequalities are not. This paper argues against such a distinction. It first clarifies the notion of “natural lottery”; it then draws a distinction between the notion of “self-ownership” and the extensions of one’s rights over one’s body. Subsequently, it argues that the appeal to competing conceptions of “the self” is not helpful in this context, because a “thick” conception of the self is a proxy for a particular normative conception of justice, rather than a metaphysical presupposition for theories of justice. The paper concludes by suggesting an interpretation of the metaphor of a “common pool of natural abilities” that would not be intrusive so as to effectively respect the separate identity of individuals. en
dc.format.extent 24064 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher European University Institute
dc.relation.ispartofseries EUI LAW en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 2007/12 en
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Social justice en
dc.subject Equality en
dc.title Arbitrariness of Social and Natural Differences: Luck, Lottery, and Equality en
dc.type Working Paper en
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