A Formal Prescriptive Approach to General Principles of (International) Law

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dc.contributor.author QUIRICO, Ottavio
dc.date.accessioned 2007-06-27T14:36:54Z
dc.date.available 2007-06-27T14:36:54Z
dc.date.issued 2007
dc.identifier.issn 1725-6739
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1814/6917
dc.description.abstract From the analytical viewpoint a norm can formally be regarded as a right-duty (or claim-obligation) relation (1) that regulates behaviour (action/inaction) (2) among subjects (3) in definite space (4) and time (5). In normative terms, general principles (the ‘basis’) of (international) law can be conceived of as general obligations, i.e. obligations erga omnes (towards everyone). Obligations erga omnes, indivisible or divisible because of their content, link a subject to every other subject of international law, endowed with a correlative claim, so that the whole obligations erga omnes are matched by the whole claims erga omnes of all the subjects of international law. Indivisible obligations erga omnes are unavailable from the viewpoint of the power, so cogentes, breaches violate necessarily all the correlative claims, possibly enabling every subject to invoke the responsibility and impose sanctions. Correspondingly, sanctions should be regarded as indivisible obligations erga omnes, the violation of which allows universal enforcement. Nevertheless, specifically by reason of the gravity of the breach, it is possible to split primary and secondary norms, conceiving of the sanction as a bilateral relation allowing solely reciprocal enforcement in the case of an infringement. Divisible obligations erga omnes are available from the viewpoint of the power, so dispositivae, breaches must be seen as relative, enabling only the subject(s) injured to invoke the responsibility and impose sanctions. Correspondingly, sanctions should be regarded as bilateral obligations, the infringement of which gives rise to reciprocal enforcement. Nevertheless, it is possible to figure out that specifically the gravity of the breach ‘unifies’ the primary divisible obligation, allowing universal invocation of the responsibility, so that the secondary obligation could be either bilateral or a general indivisible one, respectively permitting relative or absolute enforcement in the case of a breach. en
dc.format.extent 326613 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher European University Institute
dc.relation.ispartofseries EUI LAW en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 2007/19 en
dc.subject (Primary/Secondary) Formal Legal Norm en
dc.subject Subject en
dc.subject Claim-Obligation Relation en
dc.subject (Absolute (General)/Relative/Indivisible/Divisible) Right-Duty Relation (erga omnes) en
dc.subject (Positive/Negative/Licit/Illicit) Behaviour en
dc.subject Space en
dc.subject Time en
dc.subject Principle of Imputation (the ‘ought’) en
dc.subject Hierarchy en
dc.subject System of Norms en
dc.subject (International) Law en
dc.subject General Principles en
dc.title A Formal Prescriptive Approach to General Principles of (International) Law en
dc.type Working Paper en


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