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dc.contributor.authorQUIRICO, Ottavio
dc.date.accessioned2007-06-27T14:36:54Z
dc.date.available2007-06-27T14:36:54Z
dc.date.issued2007
dc.identifier.issn1725-6739
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1814/6917
dc.description.abstractFrom the analytical viewpoint a norm can formally be regarded as a right-duty (or claim-obligation) relation (1) that regulates behaviour (action/inaction) (2) among subjects (3) in definite space (4) and time (5). In normative terms, general principles (the ‘basis’) of (international) law can be conceived of as general obligations, i.e. obligations erga omnes (towards everyone). Obligations erga omnes, indivisible or divisible because of their content, link a subject to every other subject of international law, endowed with a correlative claim, so that the whole obligations erga omnes are matched by the whole claims erga omnes of all the subjects of international law. Indivisible obligations erga omnes are unavailable from the viewpoint of the power, so cogentes, breaches violate necessarily all the correlative claims, possibly enabling every subject to invoke the responsibility and impose sanctions. Correspondingly, sanctions should be regarded as indivisible obligations erga omnes, the violation of which allows universal enforcement. Nevertheless, specifically by reason of the gravity of the breach, it is possible to split primary and secondary norms, conceiving of the sanction as a bilateral relation allowing solely reciprocal enforcement in the case of an infringement. Divisible obligations erga omnes are available from the viewpoint of the power, so dispositivae, breaches must be seen as relative, enabling only the subject(s) injured to invoke the responsibility and impose sanctions. Correspondingly, sanctions should be regarded as bilateral obligations, the infringement of which gives rise to reciprocal enforcement. Nevertheless, it is possible to figure out that specifically the gravity of the breach ‘unifies’ the primary divisible obligation, allowing universal invocation of the responsibility, so that the secondary obligation could be either bilateral or a general indivisible one, respectively permitting relative or absolute enforcement in the case of a breach.en
dc.format.extent326613 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherEuropean University Institute
dc.relation.ispartofseriesEUI LAWen
dc.relation.ispartofseries2007/19en
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject(Primary/Secondary) Formal Legal Normen
dc.subjectSubjecten
dc.subjectClaim-Obligation Relationen
dc.subject(Absolute (General)/Relative/Indivisible/Divisible) Right-Duty Relation (erga omnes)en
dc.subject(Positive/Negative/Licit/Illicit) Behaviouren
dc.subjectSpaceen
dc.subjectTimeen
dc.subjectPrinciple of Imputation (the ‘ought’)en
dc.subjectHierarchyen
dc.subjectSystem of Normsen
dc.subject(International) Lawen
dc.subjectGeneral Principlesen
dc.titleA Formal Prescriptive Approach to General Principles of (International) Lawen
dc.typeWorking Paperen
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