Type: Working Paper
On the Strategic Use of the Preliminary Reference System: Plausible Assumptions v. Empirical Reality
Working Paper, EUI MWP, 2009/24
SLEPCEVIC, Reinhard, On the Strategic Use of the Preliminary Reference System: Plausible Assumptions v. Empirical Reality, EUI MWP, 2009/24 - https://hdl.handle.net/1814/11758
Retrieved from Cadmus, EUI Research Repository
In this paper, I examine a central assumption of the neo-functionalist theory of European integration empirically: that interest groups use the preliminary reference system strategically in order to pursue their policy interests and to push European integration further. Focusing on EU environmental policy, I first analyse all preliminary references in this field and show that the pattern found cannot be explained by current theories. I then report the findings of expert interviews on the use of the preliminary reference system carried out with French, German and Dutch environmental organisations that have litigated before national courts to enforce the Natura 2000 Directives. I show that there is no evidence that environmental organisations use the preliminary reference system in a way suggested by neo-functionalist theory.
Cadmus permanent link: https://hdl.handle.net/1814/11758
Series/Number: EUI MWP; 2009/24