|dc.description||European Report on Development
The European Report on Development (ERD) is a multiannual process, which is framed within the
initiative “Mobilizing European Research for Development Policies“. The objective of this initiative is
to enhance a European perspective on development issues in the international arena, on the basis of
knowledge excellence, innovation and building of common ground between the European research
community and policy-makers (Member States and Commission). Moreover, this initiative will
improve the visibility of the EU at a global level, help shape the international agenda and feed the EU
internal debate on development.
The ERD Team Leader is Prof. Giorgia Giovannetti. The multidisciplinary team is based at the Robert
Schuman Centre of the European University Institute and is interacting with a broad network of
scholars, from both developed and developing countries.
For further information:
European Report on Development
Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies
European University Institute
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|dc.description.abstract||The intensity of trade among countries belonging to the same region depends not only on the existence
and effectiveness of a regional integration agreement, but also on other factors, which include the
overall trade policy orientation and the relative level of geo-graphic and economic barriers affecting
intra- and extra-regional trade.
After presenting a set of indicators aimed at measuring correctly the intensity of bi-lateral trade
preferences, this paper shows that most African countries tend to trade more intensely with partners
belonging to the same region than with the rest of the world.
However, this is not so much the result of the weak regional integration agreements that are in force in
Africa, as a consequence of the manifold barriers limiting the degree of international openness of
African countries. Under this perspective, a relatively high level of intra-regional trade, far from
revealing the success of preferential integration policies, confirms that Africa’s participation in the
process of globalisation is still very limited.||en
|dc.relation.ispartofseries||European Report on Development||en
|dc.title||Trade Regionalisation and Openness in Africa||en