The Decline and Fall of the European Film Industry: Sunk Costs, Market Size and Market Structure, 1890-1927
Economic History Review, 2005, 58, 2, 310-351
BAKKER, Gerben, The Decline and Fall of the European Film Industry: Sunk Costs, Market Size and Market Structure, 1890-1927, Economic History Review, 2005, 58, 2, 310-351 - https://hdl.handle.net/1814/23738
Retrieved from Cadmus, EUI Research Repository
In the 1900s, the European film industry exported throughout the world, at times supplying half the US market. By 1920, however, European films had virtually disappeared from America, and had become marginal in Europe. Theory on sunk costs and market structure suggests that an escalation of sunk costs during a rapid US growth phase resulted in increased concentration; eight surviving companies dominated international film production and distribution forever after. European film companies, although overall profitable, could not take part, and after the war could not catch up. US, British, and French time series data for 1890–1930 support the theory.
Cadmus permanent link: https://hdl.handle.net/1814/23738
Full-text via DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-0289.2005.00306.x
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