Picking up the pieces : applying the disease filter to health data
Health policy, 2015, Vol. 119, No. 4, pp. 549–557
GROSS, Christiane, SCHÜBEL, Thomas, HOFFMANN, Rasmus, Picking up the pieces : applying the disease filter to health data, Health policy, 2015, Vol. 119, No. 4, pp. 549–557 - https://hdl.handle.net/1814/34410
Retrieved from Cadmus, EUI Research Repository
This contribution presents systematic biases in the process of generating health data by using a step-by-step explanation of the DISEASE FILTER, a heuristic instrument that we designed in order to better understand and evaluate health data. The systematic bias in health data generally varies by data type (register versus survey data) and the operationalization of health outcomes. Self-reported subjective health and disease assessments, for instance, underlie a different selectivity than do data based on medical examinations or health care statistics. Although this is obvious, systematic approaches used to better understand the process of generating health data have been missing until now. We begin with the definitions and classifications of diseases that change (e.g. over time), describe the selective nature of access to and use of medical health care (e.g. depending on health insurance and gender), present biases in diagnoses (e.g. by gender and professional status), report these biases in relation to the decision for or against various treatment (e.g. by age and income), and finally outline the determinants of the treatments (ambulant versus stationary, e.g. via mobility and age). We then show how to apply the DISEASE FILTER to health data and discuss the benefits and shortcomings of our heuristic model. Finally, we give some suggestions on how to deal with biases in health data and how to avoid them.
Published online: 24 November 2014
Cadmus permanent link: https://hdl.handle.net/1814/34410
Full-text via DOI: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2014.11.011
ISSN: 0168-8510; 1872-6054
Grant number: FP7/313532
Sponsorship and Funder information:
The authors acknowledge the financial support from the European Research Council for the research project "Socioeconomic Status and Health: Disentangling causal pathways in a life course perspective" (SESandHealth, grant number 313532) .
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