Type: Working Paper
Between democratic protection and self-defense : the case of Unasur and Venezuela
Working Paper, EUI RSCAS, 2015/93, Global Governance Programme-206, European, Transnational and Global Governance
CLOSA, Carlos, PALESTINI CÉSPEDES, Stefano, Between democratic protection and self-defense : the case of Unasur and Venezuela, EUI RSCAS, 2015/93, Global Governance Programme-206, European, Transnational and Global Governance - http://hdl.handle.net/1814/38064
Retrieved from Cadmus, EUI Research Repository
Contrary to the assumption that the adoption and formalization of democratic protection mechanisms by regional organizations contribute per se to democratic consolidation, this article argues that the performance of those mechanism is tied to the interests of governments that are both their rule makers and their enforcers in concrete political crises. Governments design democratic protection mechanisms minimizing the probabilities that they could escape their discretionary control contributing to the paradoxical result that the provisions end up enforcing regime stability rather than democracy. We illustrate this claim with the intervention of the Union of South American Nations (Unasur) in the post-Chávez Venezuela paying specific attention to two mechanisms: the democratic protocol and the electoral council. The structural bias in favor of the incumbent governments is not an exclusive tension of Unasur, and it should be systematically analyzed in the comparative studies and assessments of the link between regional organizations and democracy.
Cadmus permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/1814/38064
Series/Number: EUI RSCAS; 2015/93; Global Governance Programme-206; European, Transnational and Global Governance