Type: Working Paper
Analysing the causes of the refugee crisis and the key role of Turkey : why now and why so many?
Working Paper, EUI RSCAS, 2015/95, BORDERLANDS
ZARAGOZA CRISTIANI, Jonathan, Analysing the causes of the refugee crisis and the key role of Turkey : why now and why so many?, EUI RSCAS, 2015/95, BORDERLANDS - https://hdl.handle.net/1814/38226
Retrieved from Cadmus, EUI Research Repository
In this paper, I seek to explain the causes of the massive migratory flows from Turkey to Greece since August 2015. The context of conflict and regional turbulence in the Middle East, together with several events taking place at the beginning of 2015, in which Turkey was directly or indirectly involved, triggered in August the unprecedented refugee crisis that we are still witnessing today. These events led to a sea change, in the period of the 9th to the 14th of August, in the Turkish position towards refugees and in the Syrian refugees’ willingness to wait in Turkey till the end of the war in Syria. The intersection, during these days, between Turkey’s decreasing interest in receiving and controlling Syrian refugees within its territories and the increasing motivation of a significant number of Syrian refugees to leave Turkey, sparked the beginning of the current refugee crisis in the Eastern Mediterranean route. Finally, I will argue that this refugee crisis has accelerated the EU-Turkey accession negotiations in an unprecedented way, and at the same time has increased the leverage power of Turkey.
Cadmus permanent link: https://hdl.handle.net/1814/38226
Series/Number: EUI RSCAS; 2015/95; BORDERLANDS
Grant number: FP7/263277/EU
Sponsorship and Funder information:
Funded by the European Research Council (ERC) within the 7th Framework Programme, the BORDERLANDS project is hosted at the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute, and directed by Professor Raffaella A. Del Sarto.