Demographic outlook in the European Union 2017
EATOCK, David; GUIDI, Caterina Francesca ; KUNZ, Veronika; MARGARAS, Vasileios; SCHOLZ, Nicole; UMBACH, Gaby; ZAMFIR, Ionel
Title: Demographic outlook in the European Union 2017
Author: EATOCK, David; GUIDI, Caterina Francesca ; KUNZ, Veronika; MARGARAS, Vasileios; SCHOLZ, Nicole; UMBACH, Gaby; ZAMFIR, Ionel
Series/Number: [Global Governance Programme]; European Parliament In-depth Analysis; GlobalStat; 2017
External link: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/IDAN/2017/614646/EPRS_IDA(2017)614646_EN.pdf
This paper presents the demographic outlook in the European Union (EU) in 2017. It shows that the EU population, having grown substantially, is now beginning to stagnate, before its expected decline from around the middle of the century. With the world population having risen still more substantially and growth continuing, the EU represents a shrinking proportion of the world population. The EU population is also ageing dramatically, as life expectancy increases and fertility rates are lower than in the past. This has serious implications across a range of areas including the economy, healthcare and pensions. Free movement within the EU and migration from third countries also plays an important role in shaping demography in individual Member States and regions. The 'in-focus' section of this analysis looks at health and notes that the data, whilst inconsistent, suggests that people are not necessarily experiencing the extra life years without limitations to their usual activity.
Type of Access: openAccess