Type: Contribution to book
The responsibility to protect and non-state armed groups
Mark LATTIMER and Philippe SANDS (eds), The grey zone : civilian protection between human rights and the laws of war, Oxford ; New York : Hart Publishing, 2018, pp. 357–376[IOW]
WELSH, Jennifer M., The responsibility to protect and non-state armed groups, in Mark LATTIMER and Philippe SANDS (eds), The grey zone : civilian protection between human rights and the laws of war, Oxford ; New York : Hart Publishing, 2018, pp. 357–376[IOW] - https://hdl.handle.net/1814/60606
Retrieved from Cadmus, EUI Research Repository
The Majority of chapters in this volume address the question of how legal mechanisms, situated within the ‘zone between’ international human rights and humanitarian law, can better protect civilians against both old and new threats to their security. The discussion here, by contrast, considers the potential of an expressly political instrument: the principle of the ‘responsibility to protect’ (R2P) populations from genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and ethnic cleansing. As I will show, R2P was designed by its advocates to serve as a means of enhancing compliance with existing bodies of law that aim to protect civilian populations, but also, more broadly, of fostering greater political will and institutional capacity to prevent and respond to atrocity crimes. After setting out the rationale and function of R2P, I suggest how its initially state-centric focus might be expanded to address the challenge of non-state armed groups (NSAGs) as threats to civilians. I begin with an analysis of how we might conceive of both the legal and political responsibilities of these actors, before setting out potential strategies for combating or mitigating the protection challenges such actors create. The next section examines the difficult questions of whether and how states can call upon military assistance from the international community to assist them in addressing the threat posed by NSAGs. The chapter concludes with an analysis of the responsibilities that can be assigned to states for the actions of NSAGs over which they have a degree of control, particularly when those actions include grave violations of human rights or IHL.
Published online 21 June 2018
Cadmus permanent link: https://hdl.handle.net/1814/60606
Full-text via DOI: 10.5040/9781509908660.ch-015
Publisher: Hart Publishing
Grant number: FP7/340956/EU
Sponsorship and Funder information:
The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007-2013) / ERC Grant Agreement No 340956 - IOW - The Individualisation of War: Reconfiguring the Ethics, Law, and Politics of Armed Conflict.
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