From rhetoric to action, a constitutional analysis of populism
German law journal, 2019, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 362-381
FOURNIER, Théo, From rhetoric to action, a constitutional analysis of populism, German law journal, 2019, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 362-381 - https://hdl.handle.net/1814/62306
Retrieved from Cadmus, EUI Research Repository
The article considers populism not as common ideology but as a common strategy for implementing various distinct ideologies. Constitutional democracy and populist strategy are inherently connected. Populist strategies develop a specific rhetoric which takes root in the features of constitutional democracy. The populist rhetoric manipulates the rule-of-law and the majoritarian pillars of constitutional democracy by convincing a fictional majority that constitutional democracy gives rise to a tyranny of minorities. Populism in action represents the second facet of the populist strategy. It corresponds to a specific constitutional strategy of legal and constitutional reforms aiming at disrupting constitutional democracy. After exposing my theoretical assumption, I move to a comparative study of two countries, France and Hungary, selected according to the most different cases approach. I analyze first how Viktor Orban based his constitutional strategy on a progressive deconstruction of the post-communist legacy. I study then how Marine le Pen’s strategy consisted of a comprehensive reform of the French semi-presidential system via referendum. I finally conclude by recalling the essential role academics have to play in the fight against populism. My last point is a provocation, what if calling populism by its real diversity (fascism, racism and antisemitism) was the most efficient way to fight them?
Published online: 25 April 2019
Cadmus permanent link: https://hdl.handle.net/1814/62306
Full-text via DOI: 10.1017/glj.2019.22
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