The demographic and economic framework of circular migration in Moldova
Title: The demographic and economic framework of circular migration in Moldova
Author: GANTA, Vladimir
Series/Number: Migration Policy Centre; CARIM-East; Explanatory Notes; 2012/69
External link: http://www.migrationpolicycentre.eu/
circular migration solves some problems in reducing unemployment and poverty, supplying additional labour for seasonal work in Moldova. It reduces the social impact on families left home, but it also creates conditions for serious future structural misbalances. The Moldovan Government undertakes efforts to make migrants keep their relations with Moldova. It even encourages them to return for good. But the differences in income levels between host countries and Moldova are too large, so these efforts do not have the desired effect. Expectations are pessimistic. It is assumed that circular migrants will keep in contact with Moldova only while they have family members there. Moreover, integration policies developed in hostcountries are expected to speed-up the process of breaking links with the home-country. Last, but not least: the economic crisis makes circular migration more expensive. Travelling between Moldova and the host-country implies both financial costs and the risk of losing the job.
Subject: Demography; Economics; Circular migration; EU; Russia
Type of Access: openAccess