Type: Contribution to book
Prisoners as leaders of political change : Cage 11 and the peace process in Northern Ireland
Martin GUTMANN (ed.), Historians on leadership and strategy : case studies from antiquity to modernity, Cham : Springer, 2020, Business and management, pp. 55-75
REINISCH, Dieter, Prisoners as leaders of political change : Cage 11 and the peace process in Northern Ireland, in Martin GUTMANN (ed.), Historians on leadership and strategy : case studies from antiquity to modernity, Cham : Springer, 2020, Business and management, pp. 55-75 - https://hdl.handle.net/1814/64424
Retrieved from Cadmus, EUI Research Repository
This chapter shows how Irish Republican Army (IRA) prisoners started a critical debate within and beyond the prison walls during the Northern Ireland conflict, thereby becoming leaders of a conflict transformation process. The IRA prisoners used their position to criticize the then leadership of the Irish republican movement for the failed truce of 1975/76, thereby igniting a debate in the wider republican movement outside the prisons by smuggling statements and articles out of the prisons. These articles originated in the “Cage 11” of the internment camp Long Kesh and became known as the “Brownie papers.” Following their release from prison, the authors used their status to reach influential positions in their movement and, in these positions, they supported the conflict transformation process. Thus, these Brownie papers were a watershed moment in challenging the old leadership and, thereby, laid the foundation for the future peace process in the 1990s. In essence, this chapter shows that the IRA prisoners were the leaders of a debate that ultimately turned the Irish republican movement from a militant nationalist movement determined of establishing the United Socialist Republic in the mid-1970s to a movement that supports the Good Friday Agreement in 1998 and, today, embraces parliamentary politics.
First online: 2 October 2019
Cadmus permanent link: https://hdl.handle.net/1814/64424
Full-text via DOI: 10.1007%2F978-3-030-26090-3_4
ISBN: 9783030260897; 9783030260903
Files associated with this item
There are no files associated with this item.