The impact of the EU emissions trading system on competitiveness and carbon leakage : the econometric evidence
Journal of economic surveys, 2020. Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 320-343 [Florence School of Regulation], [Climate]
VERDE, Stefano F., The impact of the EU emissions trading system on competitiveness and carbon leakage : the econometric evidence, Journal of economic surveys, 2020. Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 320-343 [Florence School of Regulation], [Climate] - http://hdl.handle.net/1814/66267
Retrieved from Cadmus, EUI Research Repository
This paper carefully surveys the econometric literature that tests for competitiveness effects and related carbon leakage caused by the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS). The results of this literature tell us that to date there is no evidence of the EU ETS having had widespread negative or positive effects on the competitiveness of regulated firms, nor is there evidence of significant carbon leakage. However, the paper also identifies three important caveats to this general conclusion. Firstly, the evidence we have still largely refers to the first two trading periods, namely Phases I (2005–2007) and II (2008–2012). Secondly, some heterogeneity of estimated effects is observed, but patterns, notably sectoral patterns, hardly emerge. Thirdly, very little explored is whether the EU ETS has had long‐term effects on the economy via investment leakage or firm dynamics. Further empirical studies investigating these long‐term effects are particularly desirable.
First published: 11 February 2020
Cadmus permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/1814/66267
Full-text via DOI: 10.1111/joes.12356
ISSN: 0950-0804; 1467-6419
Series/Number: [Florence School of Regulation]; [Climate]
Sponsorship and Funder information:
EU LIFE Programme of the European Commission. Grant Number: GIC/IT/000051
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