Type: Technical Report
Are agri-food workers only exploited in southern Europe? : case studies on migrant labour in Germany, The Netherlands, and Sweden
Technical Report, Open Society European Policy Institute (OSEPI), 2020, [Migration Policy Centre]
PALUMBO, Letizia, CORRADO, Alessandra (editor/s), PALUMBO, Letizia, CORRADO, Alessandra, Are agri-food workers only exploited in southern Europe? : case studies on migrant labour in Germany, The Netherlands, and Sweden, Open Society European Policy Institute (OSEPI), 2020, [Migration Policy Centre] - https://hdl.handle.net/1814/67952
Retrieved from Cadmus, EUI Research Repository
Along the lines of the first exhaustive report entitled ‘Is Italian Agriculture a “Pull Factor” for Irregular Migration – And, If So, Why?’ (2018), this new report, commissioned by the Open Society European Policy Institute (OSEPI) and drafted by a team of researchers coordinated by the Migration Policy Centre at the European University Institute (EUI), focuses on the agri-food systems in Northern European Union member states – Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden – seeking to unpack the interplay of factors underlying or contributing to the demand for low-paid, flexible and exploitative labour in this sector. These factors include the impacts of: EU and national policies on labour mobility, migration and asylum; supply chain dynamics; labour market policies; the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and national policies on agriculture and rural development; policies to fight and prevent trafficking and labour exploitation; and additional drivers identified in the different countries. The study shows that most abusive and exploitative labour practices in the agri-food system in these countries take place in a ‘grey zone’ through gaps and shortcomings in the legal framework. In this scenario, highly flexible labour market dynamics and practices, in particular indirect employment through agencies, play a crucial role, providing workers with staggered economic and social entitlements. The report also reviews relevant good practices which have the potential to be scaled up to the EU level.
Table of Contents:
p. 2 "Introduction"; p. 3 "Aim of the study and methodology"; p. 4 "Germany"; p. 13 The Netherlands; p. 22 "Sweden"; p. 30 "Concluding remarks"; p. 36 "Annex 1"; p. 37 "Annex 2"; p. 38 "Annex 3"; p. 39 "Endnotes"
The research on which this report and the accompanying policy brief are based was carried out in late 2019 and early 2020, before the outbreak of COVID-19. An update on the impact of the pandemic is being released alongside these two publications.; Published in July 2020
Cadmus permanent link: https://hdl.handle.net/1814/67952
External link: https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/publications/are-agri-food-workers-only-exploited-in-southern-europe
Series/Number: Open Society European Policy Institute (OSEPI); 2020; [Migration Policy Centre]
Publisher: Open Society Foundations
Succeeding version: https://hdl.handle.net/1814/68030
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