Type: Working Paper
The politics of differentiated integration : what do governments want? country report - Romania
Working Paper, EUI RSC, 2021/44, Integrating Diversity in the European Union (InDivEU)
BADULESCU, Claudia, The politics of differentiated integration : what do governments want? country report - Romania, EUI RSC, 2021/44, Integrating Diversity in the European Union (InDivEU) - https://hdl.handle.net/1814/70622
Retrieved from Cadmus, EUI Research Repository
This working paper analyses the salience of differentiated integration (DI) for subsequent Romanian governments between 2007 and 2020, and the positions that Romanian decision-makers took with respect to DI during this period. The salience analyses indicate that there has been a relatively low salience of DI models (i.e. multi-speed and multi-end EU) and DI mechanisms (i.e. enhanced cooperation and opt-outs) but a high salience of DI instances (i.e. twenty-one differentiated EU policies) in the official discourse emanating from the Romanian government during this period. The position of successive Romanian governments with regard to DI was strongly in favour of more integration, especially through accession both to the Schengen area and to the eurozone, but fervently against any type of DI models. This is explained in part by Romania’s pro-European electorate and decision-makers, and also by the desire of Romanian governments’ to be on an equal footing with other, typically older, EU Member States within the EU’s decision-making processes. It seems that this pro-European stance is not context-dependent but prevails across all DI instances, as Romanian decision-makers from across the political spectrum share the same general desire to strengthen the European project and to support its evolution towards ever-closer union.
Cadmus permanent link: https://hdl.handle.net/1814/70622
Series/Number: EUI RSC; 2021/44; Integrating Diversity in the European Union (InDivEU)
Publisher: European University Institute
Grant number: H2020/822304/EU
Sponsorship and Funder information:
This paper is part of the InDivEU project which has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement number 822304. The content of this document represents only the views of the InDivEU consortium and is its sole responsibility. The European Commission does not accept any responsibility for use that may be made of the information it contains.