Type: Working Paper
Flexible implementation and the Consumer Rights Directive
Working Paper, EUI RSC, 2022/24, Integrating Diversity in the European Union (InDivEU)
SMEKAL, Hubert, HOPPE, Alexander, HÜBNER, Michael, HOSNEDLOVÁ, Pavla, TAIMR, Anna, MAK, Elaine, Flexible implementation and the Consumer Rights Directive, EUI RSC, 2022/24, Integrating Diversity in the European Union (InDivEU) - https://hdl.handle.net/1814/74393
Retrieved from Cadmus, EUI Research Repository
This report shows that despite the full harmonisation approach promoted by the European Commission and adopted by the EU legislature in the case of the Consumer Rights Directive, the member states still have some opportunities to adjust European norms to the national reality. Nevertheless, our sample of four EU countries – Czechia, Germany, Ireland, and the Netherlands – documents that the member states do not use the space for discretion offered by the Directive’s substantive provisions to a great extent. Our analysis shows that the four member states tried to preserve their existing consumer protection regimes to the greatest possible extent. They used discretion in such a way that enabled retaining existing domestic laws and practices. In contrast to largely harmonized substantive CRD norms, the enforcement rests largely in member states powers. The means of putting the consumer contract law into practice shows some overlaps, but their use varies largely. The member states differ, importantly, in the overall emphasis on private or public enforcement. More specific differences include lists of remedies, persons who can bring the complaints, bodies dealing with the complaints or in the range and severity of penalties. The availability of class actions and ADR, but especially their use, differs wildly.
Cadmus permanent link: https://hdl.handle.net/1814/74393
Series/Number: EUI RSC; 2022/24; Integrating Diversity in the European Union (InDivEU)
Publisher: European University Institute
Keyword(s): Differentiated integration Flexible implementation European Union Consumer Rights Directive
Grant number: H2020/822304/EU
Sponsorship and Funder information:
This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement number 822304. The content of this document represents only the views of the InDivEU consortium and is its sole responsibility. The European Commission does not accept any responsibility for use that may be made of the information it contains.