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dc.contributor.authorSCHIMMELFENNIG, Frank
dc.date.accessioned2022-05-12T08:08:41Z
dc.date.available2022-05-12T08:08:41Z
dc.date.issued2022
dc.identifier.isbn9789294662057
dc.identifier.issn2467-4540
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1814/74518
dc.description.abstractDo citizens support the differentiated integration of their country? Does differentiated integration even improve citizens’ support for the EU? Our results suggest that policymakers need not worry in general about popular legitimacy when negotiating differentiations to facilitate accession or EU reform. However, they should ensure that differentiation is either voluntary or temporary (if it is involuntary as is often the case in accession treaties). Differentiated integration that allows member states to join an integrated policy when they are ready, but does not force them to do so, seems to enjoy broad support among EU citizens. The possibility of opt-outs even appears to partly reconcile Eurosceptic citizens with the EU and narrow the gap between Eurosceptic citizens, on the one hand, and integration-friendly citizens and elites, on the other.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherEuropean University Instituteen
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/822304/EUen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesPolicy Briefsen
dc.relation.ispartofseries2022/29en
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIntegrating Diversity in the European Union (InDivEU) en
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.subjectDifferentiated integrationen
dc.subjectEuropean Unionen
dc.subjectCitizen supporten
dc.subjectVoluntary differentiationen
dc.subjectTemporary differentiationen
dc.titleCitizens support the differentiated integration of their countryen
dc.typeOtheren
dc.identifier.doi10.2870/019939
dc.rights.licenseAttribution 4.0 International*


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International