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dc.contributor.authorZBÍRAL, Robert
dc.contributor.authorPRINCEN, Sebastiaan
dc.contributor.authorSMEKAL, Hubert
dc.description.abstractThis paper analyses the extent to which EU directives allow for variation in the way that member states implement them. Such room for ‘flexible implementation’ may be used to overcome conflict during decision-making or to accommodate diversity in conditions within member states. The analysis is based on an original dataset of 164 directives adopted between 2006 and 2015, which are coded for the discretion they offer to member states. In addition to the overall level of discretion in directives, the paper also zooms in on five specific types of discretion. Based on these data, patterns of discretion across policy areas and different types of directives are explored.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement number 822304. The content of this document represents only the views of the InDivEU consortium and is its sole responsibility. The European Commission does not accept any responsibility for use that may be made of the information it contains.en
dc.publisherEuropean University Instituteen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesEUI RSCen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIntegrating Diversity in the European Union (InDivEU) en
dc.subjectDifferentiated integrationen
dc.subjectEuropean Unionen
dc.subjectFlexible implementationen
dc.titleMapping the legal scope for flexible implementation in EU directivesen
dc.typeWorking Paperen
dc.rights.licenseAttribution 4.0 International*

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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International