Heterogeneous naturalization effects of dual citizenship reform in migrant destinations : quasi-experimental evidence from Europe
American political science review, 2023, OnlineFirst[Global Governance Programme]
PETERS, Floris, VINK, Maarten Peter, Heterogeneous naturalization effects of dual citizenship reform in migrant destinations : quasi-experimental evidence from Europe, American political science review, 2023, OnlineFirst[Global Governance Programme] - https://hdl.handle.net/1814/76035
Retrieved from Cadmus, EUI Research Repository
Does dual citizenship acceptance increase immigrants’ propensity to naturalize and, if so, for whom does this matter most? We exploit exogenous variation in citizenship legislation in 200 migrant-origin countries to identify the effect of destination country policy reform. We hypothesize that the value of the origin country citizenship moderates the reform effect. We test our identification strategy in two West European countries with contrasting reforms: a canonical liberal reform in Sweden (2001) and an atypical restrictive reversal in the Netherlands (1997). We apply a staggered difference-in-differences model employing administrative data on complete migrant populations. We find reform effects remarkably similar in effect size and heterogeneity, with liberalizing reform increasing naturalization rates by 6.7 percentage points and restrictive change decreasing rates by 6.4 percentage points. The effect is concentrated among immigrants from EU and highly developed countries. Our quasi-experimental evidence informs naturalization scholarship and public debate on migrant political integration.
Published online: 13 November 2023
Cadmus permanent link: https://hdl.handle.net/1814/76035
Full-text via DOI: 10.1017/S0003055423001193
ISSN: 0003-0554; 1537-5943
Series/Number: [Global Governance Programme]
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Sponsorship and Funder information:
This article (letter) was published Open Access with the support from the EUI Library through the CRUI - CUP Transformative Agreement (2023-2025).
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