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dc.contributor.authorUMPIERREZ DE REGUERO, Sebastián Antonio
dc.contributor.authorBAUBÖCK, Rainer
dc.contributor.authorWEGSCHAIDER, Klaudia
dc.identifier.citationInternational migration, 2024, OnlineFirsten
dc.descriptionPublished online: 10 May 2024en
dc.description.abstractSo far, 21 countries have introduced—and some thereafter withdrawn—reserved legislative seats for their citizens living abroad. Existing literature on this form of special representation has studied this topic either empirically or normatively. We bring these two approaches together based on the main dimensions of institutional variation of special representation: (1) eligibility, (2) constituency structure and (3) electoral proportionality. We first discuss each dimension from a normative perspective. In the second step, we map the range of empirical variation and highlight the most common arrangements. We conclude that the normative justification for special representation is generally weak, but some institutional configurations pose fewer problems. Specifically, we see fewer issues with special representation when electoral inclusion is limited to the first generation of emigrants and when it is used to limit the electoral influence of non-resident populations that make up a large share of the overall electorate. By grounding our normative discussion on an empirical mapping, we bridge two disconnected literatures on special representation of non-resident citizens.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis article was published Open Access with the support from the EUI Library through the CRUI - Wiley Transformative Agreement (2024-2027).en
dc.relation.ispartofInternational migrationen
dc.titleEvaluating special representation of non-resident citizens : eligibility, constituency and proportionalityen
dc.rights.licenseAttribution 4.0 International*

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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International