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dc.contributor.authorBORNSCHIER, Simon
dc.date.accessioned2009-04-08T15:53:44Z
dc.date.available2009-04-08T15:53:44Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.issn1830-7728
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1814/11151
dc.description.abstractStein Rokkan’s comparative historical account of party system formation in Western Europe has proved enormously influential due to the appeal of tying individual political behaviour to large-scale historical transformations. This article reviews the literature that has studied the genesis of cleavagebased party systems, as well as theoretical and empirical assessments of the degree to which they have remained “frozen”. If it is adapted to allow for a more dynamic perspective, the cleavage approach also helps us to make sense of recent transformations of Western European party systems by pointing to new “critical junctures” that are likely to have a lasting impact on party competition and on individual political behaviour. In the second part of this review, I discuss applications of the approach outside Western Europe, focusing above all on Latin America and Central and Eastern Europe. If it is modified according to the specific historical trajectories of these countries, the cleavage concept helps us understand both how party systems become institutionalized in new democracies, as well as the type of conflicts they are likely to reflect. Furthermore, criticisms of social structural determinism have resulted in a new generation of scholarship that insists on paying more attention to the interplay of structure and agency in forging long-term bonds between parties and voters.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherEuropean University Institute
dc.relation.ispartofseriesEUI MWPen
dc.relation.ispartofseries2009/07en
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subjectLinkagesen
dc.subjectCleavagesen
dc.subjectStein Rokkanen
dc.subjectParty systemsen
dc.subjectPolitical representationen
dc.subjectWestern Europeen
dc.subjectDemocracyen
dc.subjectLatin Americaen
dc.subjectCentral Eastern Europeen
dc.titleCleavage Politics in Old and New Democracies: A Review of the Literature and Avenues for Future Researchen
dc.typeWorking Paperen
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