Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies
Title: Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2012, Comparative Politics
This book brings together insights from the worlds of party politics and public administration in order to analyze the role of political parties in public appointments across contemporary Europe. Based on an extensive new data gathered through expert interviews in fifteen European countries, this book offers the first systematic comparative assessment of the scale of party patronage and its role in sustaining modern party governments. Among the key findings are: First, patronage appointments tend to be increasingly dominated by the party in public office rather than being used or controlled by the party organization outside parliament. Second, rather than using appointments as rewards, as used to be the case in more clientelistic systems in the past, parties are now more likely to emphasize appointments that can help them to manage the infrastructure of government and the state. In this way patronage becomes an organizational rather than an electoral resource. Third, patronage appointments are increasingly sourced from channels outside of the party, thus helping to make parties look increasingly like network organizations, primarily constituted by their leaders and their personal and political hinterlands.
Table of Contents:
-- Part I: Studying Party Patronage -- 1: Petr Kopecký and Peter Mair: Party Patronage as an Organizational Resource -- 2: Petr Kopecký and Maria Spirova: Measuring Party Patronage through Structured Expert Interviews -- Part II: Party Patronage In Europe -- 3: Oliver Treib: Party Patronage in Austria: From Reward to Control -- 4: Maria Spirova: 'A Tradition We Don't Mess With': Party Patronage in Bulgaria -- 5: Petr Kopecký: Give Me Trafika: Party Patronage in the Czech Republic -- 6: Carina Bischoff: Party Patronage in Denmark: The Merit State with Politics 'On the Side' -- 7: Stefanie John and Thomas Poguntke: Party Patronage in Germany: The Strategic use of Appointments -- 8: Takis Pappas and Zina Assimakopoulou: Party Patronage in Greece: Political Entrepreneurship in a Party Patronage Democracy -- 9: Jan Meyer-Sahling and Krisztina Jáger: Party Patronage in Hungary: Capturing the State -- 10: Gunnar Helgi Kristinsson: Party Patronage in Iceland: Rewards and Control Appointments -- 11: Stephen Quinlan, Eoin O'Malley, and Peter Mair: Party Patronage in Ireland: Changing Parameters -- 12: Fabrizio Di Mascio: Party Patronage in Italy: A Matter for Solitary Leaders -- 13: Sandra Van Thiel: Party Patronage in the Netherlands: Sharing Appointments to Maintain Consensus -- 14: Elin Haugsgjerd Allern: Party Patronage in Norway: No Room for Political Parties? -- 15: Carlos Jalali, Patricia Silva, and Diogo Moreira: Party Patronage in Portugal: Treading in Shallow Water -- 16: Raúl Gómez and Tània Verge: Party Patronage in Spain: Extensive But Not Pervasive use of Appointments as s Tool of Party Government -- 17: Matthew Flinders and Felicity Matthews: Party Patronage in the United Kingdom -- Part III: Conclusion -- Petr Kopecký and Peter Mair: Conclusion: Party Patronage in Contemporary Europe
The book is dedicated to the memory of Peter Mair.
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