The impact of the EU human rights system on operations of private military and security companies
Title: The impact of the EU human rights system on operations of private military and security companies
Citation: Francesco FRANCIONI and Natalino RONZITTI (eds), War by contract : human rights, humanitarian law and private contractors, Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2011, pp. 80-92
ISBN: 9780191725180; 9780199604555
This chapter assesses the impact of the activities carried out by PMSCs on the enjoyment of human rights under the European Union's (EU) human rights regime. It argues that the state of nationality of a PMSC is bound to remedy the latter's violations of fundamental rights, even if the operation and the major activities of the PMSC in question fall outside the scope of the EU's competence. As to the European Courth of Human Rights, the historically narrow interpretation of jurisdictional limits may be expanding. Relevance of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights in protecting the victims of human rights violations is also questioned. As to the addressees of human rights obligations, the EU's standard of protection is not uniform in all contexts. Further, where the activities of PMSCs have human rights implications, attribution of their acts to any of the Member States will be almost impossible. By contrast, human rights can be indirectly applicable to private relations.
Initial version: http://hdl.handle.net/1814/13220
Version: Published version of EUI AEL WP 2009/17
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