(Re)thinking hybridity studies in hybrid tribunals and international criminal justice
Florence : European University Institute, 2014 , EUI PhD theses, Department of Law
JACOBS, Dov, (Re)thinking hybridity studies in hybrid tribunals and international criminal justice, Florence : European University Institute, 2014 , EUI PhD theses, Department of Law - http://hdl.handle.net/1814/32091
Retrieved from Cadmus, EUI Research Repository
This PhD proposes an analysis of what it means to talk of "hybrid” tribunals as a legal category. This category traditionally covers the tribunals that were set up in the early 2000s in particular contexts with both international and domestic elements (East Timor, Kosovo, Sierra Leone, Cambodia, Bosnia, Irak and Lebanon). Through a discussion of the features of the main hybrid tribunals, and a specific focus on the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, the most recent and most notable in some of its features (such as the mode of creation, the applicable law or its procedural framework) the main conclusion of the research is that "hybrid” cannot in fact be defined as a legal category, these tribunals, in light of their mode of creation, being either international or domestic. Moving on from there, the PhD suggests a more elaborate categorisation of all international tribunals through the introduction of a new model based on the "levels of internationality”, which allows to think the diversity of these tribunals in a more subtle way in their interaction with national authorities. Having done this, the PhD moves into a discussion of two thematic case studies, that of the interaction between various tribunals and amnesties and the interaction between tribunals and truth commissions, notably in two situations where the question arose, East Timor and Sierra Leone. Finally, the conclusion moves the discussion away from the strictly legal dimensions of the discussions into broader questions relating to the interaction between legal orders in a globalised world. Ultimately, the key question that is raised by the PhD is that of the transformation of sovereignty, which, it is argued remains a necessary concept to comprehend the structures of legal orders, rather than a concept to be opposed as being too archaic.
Defence date: 26 June 2014; Examining Board: Professor Pierre-Marie Dupuy (EUI Supervisor) Professor Francesco Francioni, EUI Professor William Schabas, Middlesex University Professor Salvatore Zappalà, University of Catania.
Cadmus permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/1814/32091
Series/Number: EUI PhD theses; Department of Law
LC Subject Heading: International criminal law; International criminal courts -- Rules and practice; Criminal procedure (International law)