The norm-signaling effects of group punishment : combining agent-based simulation and laboratory experiments
Social science computer review, 2014, Vol. 32, No. 3, pp. 334-353
VILLATORO, Daniel, ANDRIGHETTO, Giulia, BRANDTS, Jordi, NARDIN, Luis Gustavo, SABATER-MIR, Jordi, CONTE, Rosaria, The norm-signaling effects of group punishment : combining agent-based simulation and laboratory experiments, Social science computer review, 2014, Vol. 32, No. 3, pp. 334-353 - https://hdl.handle.net/1814/34030
Retrieved from Cadmus, EUI Research Repository
Punishment plays a crucial role in favoring and maintaining social order. Recent studies emphasize the effect of the norm-signaling function of punishment. However, very little attention has been paid so far to the potential of group punishment. We claim that when inflicted by an entire group, the recipient of punishment views it as expressing norms. The experiments performed in this work provide evidence that humans are motivated not only by material incentives that punishment imposes but also by normative information that it conveys. The same material incentive has a different effect on the individuals' future compliance depending on the way it is implemented, having a stronger effect when it also conveys normative information. We put forward the hypothesis that by inflicting equal material incentives, group punishment is more effective in enhancing compliance than uncoordinated punishment, because it takes advantage of the norm-signaling function of punishment. In support of our hypothesis, we present cross-methodological data, that is, data obtained through agent-based simulation and laboratory experiments with human subjects. The combination of these two methods allows us to provide an explanation for the proximate mechanisms generating the cooperative behavior observed in the laboratory experiment.
Cadmus permanent link: https://hdl.handle.net/1814/34030
Full-text via DOI: 10.1177/0894439313511396
ISSN: 0894-4393; 1552-8286
Publisher: Sage Publications Inc
Keyword(s): norms punishment cooperation agent-based simulation laboratory experiments Altruistic punishment public good cooperation enforcement sanctions monetary behavior dilemma humans
Sponsorship and Funder information:
The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: MacNorms project (Intramurales de frontera CSIC-PIF08-007) The Institute of Cognitive Science and Technologies (ISTC-CNR, Rome), the European University Institute, the Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (Grant: ECO2011-29847-C02-01), the Generalitat de Catalunya (Grant: 2009 SGR 820 and Grant 2009SGR1434), the Antoni Serra Ramoneda Research Chair (UAB-CatalunyaCaixa) for supporting the authors.
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