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dc.contributor.authorQUIRICO, Ottavio
dc.identifier.citationFrancesco FRANCIONI and Natalino RONZITTI (eds), War by contract : human rights, humanitarian law and private contractors, Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2011, pp. 423-447en
dc.description.abstractCan private military and security personnel be tried for war crimes in the same way as 'classical' military personnel acting in armed conflicts? Might they enjoy exemption from liability because of their unclear formal status under international humanitarian law? Private military and security personnel often act in hostile environments and frequently operate alongside state troops. While private military and security companies (PMSCs) usually claim their compliance with international humanitarian law standards, it cannot be excluded that their employees become involved in criminal conduct under the laws of war. Reported violations range from murder of civilians to inhuman treatment and use of warfare methods prohibited under international humanitarian law. To date, however, no private contractor has been sentenced for committing war crimes. This chapter seeks to understand to what extent such 'immunity' might depend on legal conditions, both substantive and procedural, rather than on extra-legal factors.en
dc.titleThe criminal responsibility of PMSC personnel under international humanitarian lawen
dc.typeContribution to booken
dc.description.versionPublished version of EUI AEL WP 2010/03en

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