Passing-on unlawful charges : still no small matter
European public law, 2019, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 249-274
STRAND, Magnus, MONSEN, Erik, Passing-on unlawful charges : still no small matter, European public law, 2019, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 249-274 - https://hdl.handle.net/1814/67872
Retrieved from Cadmus, EUI Research Repository
This contribution focuses on the so-called passing-on problem in actions for repayment of charges levied by Member States in breach of EU law. ‘Passing-on’ occurs when the economic burden of a charge levied from a business is passed on to burden that business’ customers, and possibly even further down the supply chain. The main issues at stake in the passing-on problem are whether actual or possible passing-on should be relevant to the amount repayable, and whether (and against whom) downstream claimants should be able to bring an action in respect of an economic burden passed on to them. Using examples from their home jurisdictions Sweden and Norway, the authors demonstrate that the passing-on problem is a multi-million euro issue which remains governed by diverging national laws, albeit subject to some restrictions developed by the Court of Justice in the absence of EU harmonization. With a view to safeguarding legal certainty, the effective protection of EU law rights, and the elimination of random discrepancies among national rules that are crucial to the proper functioning of the internal market, the authors call for EU harmonization of the legal issues triggered by passing-on. To that end, the authors present two alternative models for harmonization.
First published online: May 2019
Cadmus permanent link: https://hdl.handle.net/1814/67872
Publisher: Kluwer Law International
Keyword(s): EU law Harmonization of national laws Restitution Repayment of charges Passing-on Tax law
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