Addressing the dispute settlement crisis at the WTO
Baltic rim economies review, 2020, Vol. 20, OnlineOnly [Global Governance Programme], [Global Economics]
HOEKMAN, Bernard M., MAVROIDIS, Petros C., Addressing the dispute settlement crisis at the WTO, Baltic rim economies review, 2020, Vol. 20, OnlineOnly [Global Governance Programme], [Global Economics] - https://hdl.handle.net/1814/69881
Retrieved from Cadmus, EUI Research Repository
Following a decision by the United States not to approve new appointments to the WTO Appellate Body (AB), as of mid-December 2019 the appeals function of the WTO stopped working because the number of AB members had dropped to one (at least three AB members are needed to consider an appeal of a panel report). The US took this action because it was dissatisfied with the functioning of the WTO appeals process, arguing that the Appellate Body had exceeded its mandate. As a result of the US action, the findings of WTO dispute settlement panels can no longer be appealed. Interim responses to this situation – such as an EU-Canada-Norway initiative to use an ad hoc appellate process if countries agree to this before a WTO dispute resolution panel is formed to consider a case [i] — are not a solution to the demise of the multilateral appeals process, as they will not lead to an internally coherent jurisprudence for all WTO members, the raison d’être of any appellate process.
First published online: 29 May 2020
Cadmus permanent link: https://hdl.handle.net/1814/69881
Series/Number: [Global Governance Programme]; [Global Economics]
Publisher: Turku University
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