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dc.contributor.authorCUSUMANO, Eugenio
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-08T11:41:12Z
dc.date.available2021-03-08T11:41:12Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationEuropean security, 2021, Vol. 30, No. 4, pp. 547-568en
dc.identifier.issn0966-2839
dc.identifier.issn1746-1545
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1814/70378
dc.descriptionFirst published online: 04 March 2021en
dc.description.abstractThe large number of asylum seekers dying off the coast of Libya has turned the Southern Mediterranean Sea into a new humanitarian space, prompting 11 non-governmental organisations (NGOs) to launch maritime Search and Rescue (SAR) operations between 2014 and 2017. These NGOs engaged in a complex web of interactions, ranging from rare instances of hostility, competition and mistrust to coordination, cooperation and integration. Drawing on role theory, I argue that organisational role conceptions are key to shaping NGO–NGO interactions. The humanitarian principles of neutrality, impartiality and independence serve as action scripts that inform NGOs’ role in the humanitarian space. Sea rescue NGOs have upheld different interpretations of humanitarian principles, developing supportive, neutral, or confrontational approaches vis-à-vis European governments’ border control policies. By leveraging content analysis and semi-structured interviews, I show that organisations with matching role conceptions have engaged in tighter forms of cooperation; charities with divergent role conceptions, by contrast, have shown a tendency to develop mistrust and engage in more competitive interactions. These frictions inhibited NGOs from forming a united front vis-à-vis policy restrictions and criminalisation, hindering the legitimacy and viability of non-governmental sea rescue.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherRoutledgeen
dc.relation.ispartofEuropean securityen
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.titleUnited to rescue? : humanitarian role conceptions and NGO-NGO interactions in the Mediterranean seaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/09662839.2021.1893698
dc.identifier.volume30
dc.identifier.startpage547
dc.identifier.endpage568
dc.identifier.issue4
dc.rights.licenseAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International