Langage, tyrannie et liberté dans "Le discours de la servitude volontaire" d'étienne de la Boétie
Revue des sciences philosophiques et théologiques, 1988, Vol. 72, No. 1, pp. 3-30
CAVAILLE, Jean-Pierre, Langage, tyrannie et liberté dans "Le discours de la servitude volontaire" d'étienne de la Boétie, Revue des sciences philosophiques et théologiques, 1988, Vol. 72, No. 1, pp. 3-30 - https://hdl.handle.net/1814/70825
Retrieved from Cadmus, EUI Research Repository
This article is an interpretive analysis of the Discourse, and pays particular attention to the problematical relationship between language and liberty on the one hand and tyranny on the other, dealt with in this very original text in the political tradition. The role assigned by nature to language is to allow man to exercise his innate liberty of expression and explore the interplay of wills in a society sheltered from any form of domination. Yet the voluntary submission to slavery and servitude, which keeps tyranny alive, takes place through and with the help of language : language seems at this point to become fundamentally ambivalent. A more penetrating reading of the text allows the conclusion that this ambivalence harks back to liberty itself, seen as both a source of revolt against tyranny and (paradoxically) as a mainstay of servitude. This affirmation of the absolutely unconditional nature of liberty breaks through the boundaries of a widely accepted naturalism to herald modern idealism.
First published: 31 January 1988
Cadmus permanent link: https://hdl.handle.net/1814/70825
Publisher: Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin
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