The institutionalization of international law at a crossroads : pacifists, jurists, and the creation of the ILA and the IDI
AJIL Unbound, 2023, Vol. 117, pp. 204-209
CHEN, Xiaohang, The institutionalization of international law at a crossroads : pacifists, jurists, and the creation of the ILA and the IDI, AJIL Unbound, 2023, Vol. 117, pp. 204-209 - https://hdl.handle.net/1814/75872
Retrieved from Cadmus, EUI Research Repository
The International Law Association (ILA) and the Institut de Droit International (IDI) were both founded in 1873 at a critical juncture in the history of pacifism and internationalism, in the immediate aftermath of the 1870–1871 Franco-Prussian War and the 1872 British-American Alabama arbitration. Frustrated by the blatant violations of international rules during the war and then emboldened by the arbitral resolution of the protracted Alabama dispute between Britain and the United States, pacifists and international jurists joined forces to promote an ordered system of international law and advocate for legalized international dispute settlement. The aim was to marshal the scattered reformist forces of international law in furtherance of international legal reform—“international law needed to be institutionalized,” as Gerald Fitzmaurice put it. This resulted in the almost simultaneous establishment of the pacifism-originated ILA and the legal-scientism-oriented IDI, and helped to explain the similarity in institutional telos and the high degree of overlap in membership between the two institutions in their early years. Nevertheless, the ILA and the IDI differed in their working agendas and strategies. In terms of agendas, while the ILA tended to adopt an idealist view of international law hardly succumbing to compromises, the IDI mainly adhered to a scientifically pragmatic approach. With respect to strategies, the ILA sought social influence based on expansive membership, while the IDI's membership consisted of a limited number of international jurists. Despite changes over time, these organizational structures and distinctions between the two institutions at their founding moment are still visible.
Published online: 11 September 2023
Cadmus permanent link: https://hdl.handle.net/1814/75872
Full-text via DOI: 10.1017/aju.2023.33
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Initial version: https://hdl.handle.net/1814/74307
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